Tibooburra (pronounced or ) is a town in the far northwest of New South Wales, Australia, located 1, 187 kilometres (738 mi) from the state capital, Sydney.
- Area:12244.56 km2
- Elevation:184 m
- Local Government Area:Unincorporated NSW
Tibooburra (pronouncedor ) is a town in the far northwest of New South Wales, Australia, located 1,187 kilometres (738 mi) from the state capital, Sydney.It is most frequently visited by tourists on their way to Sturt National Park or on the way to or from Innamincka in South Australia and Birdsville in Queensland. At the 2016 census, Tibooburra had a population of 134.
Although facilities in Tibooburra are quite limited, fuel, meals, and a range of accommodation options are available.All significant support services (medical, dental, hospital, retail, mechanical, commercial) are based in Broken Hill.
New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service have a tourist information centre in the township.There is also a police station.There is an airstrip about 6 km east of the village. The road from Broken Hill was finally completely sealed in 2020 and officially opened in July 2020.
Tibooburra is in the lands of the Karenggapa Aboriginal peoples.
Explorer Charles Sturt was one of the first Europeans to visit the area in 1844.He spent six months trapped by drought at Depot Glen, south of Tibooburra.He then tried to travel north west and was defeated by the desert.Burke and Wills also went through the area in 1861 on the journey north towards the Gulf of Carpentaria.It was the search for Burke and Wills that led to the opening up of the country for the pastoral industry.
Following a gold rush to the Albert Goldfields (centred at nearby Milparinka), gold was found around Tibooburra in 1880.At first the area was called The Granites.When in 1881 the goldfields warden W.H.J. Slee (resident at Milparinka) had a town laid out he named it Tibooburra.Although he named the streets after European explorers, he preferred the Aboriginal name for the locality for the town.Slee had his observations on Aboriginal customs in the Tibooburra region published by the Linnean Society of NSW.The town's name could be derived from an Aboriginal word for heap of boulders. There was drought in 1884.In 1887 Slee reported that there were 19 gold puddling machines at work, with a population at and about Tibooburra of 250.It was said that gold was found exposed in the streets after heavy rain.
By the turn of the 20th Century (1900) the gold mining activity had waned, to be replaced by the pastoral industry.Sheep stations, necessarily large in area due to the aridity, were the mainstay of Tibooburra until the 1980s, providing most of the social and commercial activity.For over a century the township had remained remote because of rough unsealed roads, but with the popularity of 4WD driving, and ever increased bitumen roads, it became within comfortable reach of the tourism industry.
In more recent times musicians and artists, in particular Clifton Pugh, became fascinated with this remote outback region.Pugh often stayed at the Family Hotel (opened 1882) where he painted a number of murals, drawings, and sketches on an inside wall of the hotel.
Tibooburra has a hot desert climate (BWh) with temperatures regularly reaching above 40 °C (104 °F) in summer. Temperatures are milder in winter, averaging around 19 °C (66 °F) in the daytime but frosts are common during night-time. Rainfall is scant throughout the year, apart from the occasional thunderstorm, though in March 1949 and January 1974 the town received around 390 millimetres (15 in) or nearly twice its average annual rainfall. In its driest year of 1919, only 47.9 millimetres (1.89 in) fell.
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