Parkville is an inner-city suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3 km (1.9 mi) north of Melbourne's Central Business District.
- Area:4.049 km2
- Elevation:40 m
- Local Government Area:City of Melbourne
Parkville is an inner-city suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3 km (1.9 mi) north of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government areas are the Cities of Melbourne and Moreland. At the 2016 Census, Parkville had a population of 7,409.Parkville is bordered by North Melbourne to the south-west, Carlton and Carlton North to the south and east, Brunswick to the north (where a part of Parkville lies within the City of Moreland), and Flemington to the west. The suburb includes the postcodes 3052 and 3010 (University).
A major feature is the neighbouring Royal Park, Melbourne, an expansive parkland which is notable as home to the Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens and was the athlete's village for the 2006 Commonwealth Games.
Parkville is a major education, research and healthcare precinct and home to the University of Melbourne, Monash University Pharmacy faculty, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Royal Women's Hospital, Royal Children's Hospital, the Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre, and CSL.
The residential areas have a high median house price due to the proximity to the city centre and parkland, Victorian era buildings, terrace houses and tree lined streets.
Originally known as Park ville or Park-ville, the origins of the name are uncertain. The suburb may have been named after Royal Park. Park-ville was the name of one of the early homes along Flemington Road owned by the Ryan family in the 1870s and there was once a street in Hotham named Parkville street which may have led toward this home. Before the 1870s much of the area was known as either Hotham (North Melbourne) or Carlton and during this time Parkville was simply a locality of Carlton. The name Park Ville came into common use after 1875 and was gradually shortened to its current form.
## University and beginnings
The first institution of significance erected in the Parkville area was the University of Melbourne in 1853. A housing estate commenced sales in 1861 at what is now Parkville South. In 1868 further excisions from Royal Park were made for housing estates at Parkville North along Royal Parade and Parkville West near Flemington Road. By the 1870s and 1880s, Parkville was a popular area for the middle class booming with affluent terrace housing becoming the norm.
## Between the wars
During World War One and Two, Royal Park was the site of military encampments. Camp Pell in Royal Park was the temporary military camp for United States forces during the Second World War.
During the post war era, Melbourne Hospital was moved to Parkville.
In the 1960s, Parkville became the new, and current home of the Victorian College of Pharmacy, on Royal Parade, which is now a campus of Monash University.
The Athlete's Village for the 2006 Commonwealth Games was built on the grounds of the former Royal Park Psychiatric Hospital located in Parkville. The Athlete's Village has since been converted into a residential area known as Parkville Gardens.
# Things to do