Clematis is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 42 km south-east from Melbourne's central business district.
- Area:1.824 km2
- Elevation:290 m
- Local Government Area:Cardinia Shire Council
Clematis is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 42 km south-east from Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the Shire of Cardinia.At the 2016 Census, Clematis had a population of 350.The town consists of a fire station, a pub, a railway station, a small hall and two shops. Clematis was featured in the 1978 Australian TV movie "The Death Train", starring Hugh Keays-Byrne.
Clematis was first settled in the 1860s at the south eastern end of the Emerald goldfields, where the road from the goldfields to Emerald met the road from Melbourne and Dandenong. The area of the township was subdivided in 1902 as Paradise Valley (the name of which is retained in the town's Paradise Valley Hotel). The Clematis railway station (located behind and well below the hotel) was opened at the same time and given the name of Paradise Valley, shortened to Paradise in 1908, and then finally changed in 1921 to Clematis.
With the blockage of the Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook Narrow-gauge railway by a landslide between Selby and Menzies Creek in 1953, with its summer holiday traffic which the area had come to depend on (with its numerous guest houses), following the exhaustion of the timber resources during the Second World War, and the subsequent closure of many sawmills, declined. The railway was reopened by the Puffing Billy Preservation Society through Clematis to Emerald in 1965. However, Clematis station with its loop siding is primarily used for loading timber for the railway's locomotive fleet and only stops for passengers when requested.
The construction of the Cardinia Reservoir, flooded, or otherwise displaced over half farming land area of the Clematis township and as a result the township further declined after 1965.
Clematis Post Office opened around 1907 and subsequently closed in 1978, with its services transferred to neighbouring Emerald, Victoria and, along with it, a postcode change from 3159 to 3782.
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